Understanding Indoor Air Particle Pollution
Sometimes called PM or particulate pollution; particulate matter describes a combination of solid or liquid particles suspended in air. They range in size, shape and composition. When inhaled, they can cause serious health problems. In this article, we examine the causes, effects and offer some solutions to reduce indoor PM.
Health Impact of Indoor PM
The size of the particles is important. Small fragments are inhalable, and very tiny particles can go deep into the lungs, and even enter the bloodstream. They have an especially negative effect on the heart and lungs, so people who already have heart or lung issues are quite vulnerable to this type of indoor air pollution. Some common health risks include:
Irritation of eyes, nose and throat;
Exasperation of heart and lung disease symptoms
Premature death in people with coronary or respiratory disease.
Sources of Indoor PM
Some indoor particulate matter makes its way inside from outdoor sources, and some originate in the home. Indoor matter is often created from cooking, combustion, hobbies, and may even be of biological origin. Common sources of indoor PM include:
- Candles or incense
- Fireplace or heater
- Tobacco smoke
The level of indoor pollution varies widely and depends on several factors such as outdoor levels, use of combustibles, and the ventilation system of the home.
Reducing Exposure to Indoor PM
- Fuel-fired combustion appliances should be vented to the outdoors
- For cooking, use exhaust fans vented to the outdoors
- Get a professional to inspect, clean, and repair any issues in your air ducts
- Regularly change filters on heat and air units.
Filtration to Improve indoor Air Quality
Taking the above measures will help reduce some of the indoor pollution, but the improvements are modest. You may want to take further steps to remove particles from your indoor air. There are numerous indoor air quality solutions from which to choose, The two primary categories of air purifiers are:
- Portable air filter
These are typically small units designed to clean the air in a specific room or area of the home.
- HVAC filters
This type of system cleans the air in the entire home or building.
For more information, we recommend reading the EPA’s Guide to air filters
Test Your Air Quality
You can have a professional test the air quality in your home. This is a great way to determine which air purification option is best for you. Some filters target specific particles and might work better for your home. Research shows the most effective method of reducing indoor air pollution is using an air filter. If you are concerned about the air quality in your Tampa area home, Contact Healthy Home today for assistance. We have a wide range of air quality solutions, and the experience to help you select the right one to meet your needs. Call (800) 890-6835